Essential Facts Related to Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) That One Must Know

When Indians are diagnosed with certain diseases related to the arteries, they look for a good vascular doctor in India. One such disease that needs to be highlighted is Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). When people are diagnosed with this disease, they need to find out about two specific areas. These areas include the best treatment options and the lifestyle changes that must be implemented.

Factors That Instigate CAD and Ways to Manage Mild Degrees of CAD

A person who has CAD, or is at an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis, must remain alert. In atherosclerosis, the fatty deposition settles on the inner walls of the arteries.

Given below are factors that may turn out to be the root cause of developing atherosclerosis CAD:

  1. Diabetes mellitus, 
  2. Smoking tobacco,
  3. A familial or genetic tendency towards it. 
  4. A condition of high blood pressure. 
  5.  The cholesterol level in the blood is abnormally high.

Furthermore, other factors, including psychological stress, sedentism, and obesity contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is likely to lead to a heart stroke, anginal complications (chest pain), or peripheral vascular disease. One must remain alert and consult a vascular doctor in India when needed if any of these conditions are noticed. 

Mild degrees of CAD can be managed through lifestyle changes that include the following:

  1. Controlling diabetes and blood pressure for those who are facing any of the two.
  2.  Losing weight to reduce cholesterol levels. 
  3.  Increasing physical activity by exercising, 
  4. Quitting smoking. 
  5. Taking medications in some cases.

A physician may prescribe medications if lifestyle changes are found to be insufficient.

The Process through Which CAD Develops and Causes Harm to the Body

The coronary arteries are blood vessels that aid in transporting oxygen and nutrient-rich blood to the heart muscles. In certain situations, these narrow due to plaque deposition that is mostly caused by cholesterol. In such a case, the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen, which results in symptoms of chest pain. This is likely to happen when the heart needs an extra supply of oxygen. For example, it could need that extra oxygen after a meal, under stress, in a cold climate, or after running.

Plaque formation is a condition that begins in all individuals at a young age and continues to grow. It grows on the inner side of the blood vessels as it is the target area of such formation. The following factors influence the rate of progression and degree of narrowing produced by the plaque:

  • Hypertension,
  • The level of physical activity,
  • Age,
  • Gender,
  • Being Overweight,
  • Undertaking Stress,
  • Elevated Cholesterol Levels,
  • Unhealthy Diet,
  • Smoking, etc.

When the vessel gets blocked all of a sudden, it causes myocardial infarction or heart attack. In such a condition, heart muscles die due to a lack of blood supply. It can turn out to be deadly in cases where a large area of the heart muscle is affected.

The Conditions That Lead to the Diagnosis of CAD

A person with certain symptoms of CAD must consult a cardiologist for evaluation. These symptoms include breathlessness, easily invoked fatigue, pain in the left side of the chest, pain in the left arm, etc. After performing a physical examination, a cardiologist may recommend diagnostic tests. These tests include an ECG, echocardiogram, and cardiac catheterization. Additional tests to evaluate heart function may be performed if the need arises.

Given below are some of the highly used procedures that aid in curing CAD:

1) The Interventional procedure that is a non-surgical process:

This is a non-surgical procedure where a cardiologist has to insert a wire and tubes into the heart’s vessels. Depending on the location and number of blocks, the cardiologist may need to perform balloon angioplasty. 

2) The Surgical Procedure of Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG):

This is a surgical procedure performed by cardiac surgeons in which arteries and veins of the patient’s body come in handy. This procedure uses the veins and arteries from the patient’s arms, chest, and legs to create a new blood flow channel. At first, the new blood flow channel is created beyond the blocked vessel areas. Then, a new channel aids the blood to flow through so that oxygen and nutrients are supplied to the heart.

3) The Surgical Procedure of Minimally Invasive CABG:

The minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery (MICS CABG) is a technical and convenient process. Without cutting any bones, bypass surgery is performed through a tiny cut in the chest.

The procedure of MICS CABG is only available in a few centers in India. Therefore, for getting the best results, patients should undergo this procedure in hospitals where surgeons perform it safely. 

Try to keep in mind the pointers mentioned above before consulting a vascular doctor in India. CAD can turn out to be difficult to manage if one is not alert and aware of its symptoms and causes.